How Do Gravity And Dark Matter Shape The Galaxies And Affect Their Environment?


Does dark matter cause gravitational lensing?

Although astronomers cannot see dark matter, they can detect its influence by observing how the gravity of massive galaxy clusters, which contain dark matter, bends and distorts the light of more-distant galaxies located behind the cluster. This phenomenon is called gravitational lensing.

How do galaxies change over time?

Galaxy Groups can become members of even larger conglomerates, called galaxy groups clusters. Yet over the past several billion years, many galaxies in clusters have change form Spiral To a smooth, barren disk. … The way galaxies change over is that they sometimes change their rotation.

How does dark matter affect galaxies?

Dark matter binds galaxies together

Dark matter exerts ‘gravitational force’, meaning that it draws other matter towards it. And there’s so much dark matter that its gravitational force is enough to hold entire galaxies – like our own Milky Way – together.

How does gravity impact the formation and structure of galaxies?

Every object in space exerts a gravitational pull on every other, and so gravity influences the paths taken by everything traveling through space. It is the glue that holds together entire galaxies. It keeps planets in orbit. It makes it possible to use human-made satellites and to go to and return from the Moon.

Is Dark Matter powerful?

But there is no evidence that dark matter is capable of such a wide variety of interactions, since it seems to only interact through gravity (and possibly through some means no stronger than the weak interaction, although until dark matter is better understood, this is only hopeful speculation).

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What is the evidence of dark matter?

Dark matter and normal matter have been wrenched apart by the tremendous collision of two large clusters of galaxies. The discovery, using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes, gives direct evidence for the existence of dark matter.

Can galaxies change shape?

A galaxies shape, size, and mass rarely change after its formation. One way formed galaxies do change is through galaxy collision. Since galaxies are spinning through the universe they sometimes run into each other.

What type of galaxies are the oldest?

Curious enough, the smallest galaxies are also the elliptical types. The oldest and farthest galaxy ever discovered is an irregular type of galaxy called GN-z11. It is 32 billion light-years / 9.8 billion parsecs away from us. It is estimated that the galaxy formed just around 400 million years after the Big Bang.

How old is our universe?

13.8 billion years

Is Dark Matter dangerous?

Dark Matter a Danger? Because WIMPs don’t have strong effects on normal matter, collisions inside the human body shouldn’t pose much danger. But when WIMPs collide with each other, their annihilation is a much more energetic reaction.

How much is dark matter worth?

Considering the LUX experiment cost about $10 million to build, that puts the effective price of dark matter at, oh, about one million trillion trillion dollars per ounce. This is off-the-charts precious material.

Why is space so dark?

At night, when that part of Earth is facing away from the Sun, space looks black because there is no nearby bright source of light, like the Sun, to be scattered. If you were on the Moon, which has no atmosphere, the sky would be black both night and day.

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What is the role of gravity in the formation of our solar system?

Gravity is the powerful force that glues our universe together. Gravity helped form our solar system, the planets, and the stars. It holds the planets in orbit around the Sun, and moons in orbit around the planets. The gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon creates the tides on Earth.

Can gravity be created?

Artificial gravity can be created using a centripetal force. A centripetal force directed towards the center of the turn is required for any object to move in a circular path. In the context of a rotating space station it is the normal force provided by the spacecraft’s hull that acts as centripetal force.

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